Ж D. Vocabulary

  1. l. Read and learn new words.

output (n) — the amount of goods or services produced by a person, machine, factory, company, etc.

input (n) — ideas, advice, effort, or money that you put into something to help it succeed

factor of production -- something that is needed to produce a particular product

diminishing return — the idea that a point can be reached where the advantage or profit you are getting, stops increasing in relation to the effort you are making

marginal (adj) — relating to a change in a cost, value, etc.

when one more thing is produced, one more dollar is earned, etc.

costs (n) — money that a business or an individual must regularly spend

fixed costs — costs to a business that do not change when the amount of goods or services produced does

incur (v) — if you incur a cost, a debt, or a fine, you do something that means that you lose money or have to pay money

overhead costs — costs not directly related to a particular product or service, but related to general costs for buildings, equipment, etc.

interest (n) — an amount paid by a borrower to a lender, for example to a bank by someone borrowing money for a loan or by a bank to depositor

charges (n) — an amount of money paid for services or goods rent payment — money paid for the use of a house, office, etc. lease (v) — to give somebody the right to use something for a particular period of time in return for payment

depreciation (n) — decreasing in value over a period of time variable costs — costs that change when the amount of something produced changes

rate of operation — capacity of work done by a company or machine

marginal cost — the extra cost of producing one more of something

self-service (n) — a self-service shop, restaurant, etc. is one in which customers get the goods themselves and then go and pay for them

lot (n) — an area of land on which nothing has been built and which may be available to rent, or build on

revenue (n) — money that a business or organization receives over a period of time, especially from selling goods or services

break-even (adj) — when a company is neither making a profit or a loss

  1. 2.
    Give English equivalents to the following words and expressions:
  • фиксированные затраты;
  • самообслуживание;
  • безубыточный;
  • норма загрузки производственных мощностей;
  • доход, выручка;
  • переменные издержки;
  • накладные расходы;
  • износ;
  • сокращающийся доход;
  • фактор производства.
  1. 3. Choose an appropriate word or expression from the box to complete the following sentences.

returns              costs              fixed cost              incurred

interest              rents              leased              depreciation

  1. Commercial... have decreased significantly since their peak in 1997.
  2. The East Moline foundry has been operating at less than 50 % capacity and has ... significant operating losses.
  3. The ... is the added output resulting from employing one more worker.
  4. Their retail branches are a ..., so the more business they put through them the better.
  5. Delay in construction could increase ... significantly.
  6. Chrysler might run out of money to pay ... on its bonds.
  7. The proposed site of the factory may lead to... of property value in the immediate vicinity.
  8. The local authority ... him the property.
<< | >>
Источник: Е. Н. Малюга. Английский язык для экономистов: Учебник для вузов / Е. Н. Малюга, Н.              В. Ваванова, Г. Н. Куприянова, И. В. Пушнова. — СПб.: Питер,2005. — 304 с.: ил.. 2005

Еще по теме Ж D. Vocabulary:

- Авторское право - Аграрное право - Адвокатура - Административное право - Административный процесс - Антимонопольно-конкурентное право - Арбитражный (хозяйственный) процесс - Аудит - Банковская система - Банковское право - Бизнес - Бухгалтерский учет - Вещное право - Государственное право и управление - Гражданское право и процесс - Денежное обращение, финансы и кредит - Деньги - Дипломатическое и консульское право - Договорное право - Жилищное право - Земельное право - Избирательное право - Инвестиционное право - Информационное право - Исполнительное производство - История - История государства и права - История политических и правовых учений - Конкурсное право - Конституционное право - Корпоративное право - Криминалистика - Криминология - Маркетинг - Медицинское право - Международное право - Менеджмент - Муниципальное право - Налоговое право - Наследственное право - Нотариат - Обязательственное право - Оперативно-розыскная деятельность - Права человека - Право зарубежных стран - Право социального обеспечения - Правоведение - Правоохранительная деятельность - Предпринимательское право - Семейное право - Страховое право - Судопроизводство - Таможенное право - Теория государства и права - Трудовое право - Уголовно-исполнительное право - Уголовное право - Уголовный процесс - Философия - Финансовое право - Хозяйственное право - Хозяйственный процесс - Экологическое право - Экономика - Ювенальное право - Юридическая деятельность - Юридическая техника - Юридические лица -