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Use the active vocabulary.

  1. Grammar notes

Mixed Conditionals

All types of conditionals can be mixed. Any tense combination is possible if the context permits it.

Conditional clause (if-clause) Main clause
‘if’ + Past Simple or Past Continuous ‘will’ + bare Infinitive

If I had enough money, I would (I’d) retire.

‘if + Past simple ‘would’ + Perfect Infinitive

If I were you, I wouldn’t have been .vo assertive yesterday.

‘if’ + Past Perfect or Past Perfect Continuous ‘would’ + bare Infinitive

If she had been told about the meeting, she would be at it.

Wish Clauses. We use ‘wish’ with Past Tense forms (Simple and Continuous) to express regret about present situation.

  1. g.: / wish I knew the problem better (= but I don\'t).

After ‘I wish’ we can use ‘were’ instead of ‘was’ in all persons.

  1. g.: / wish / were more help.

We can use ‘wish’ with ‘could’ to express a wish for a present situation to be different.

  1. g.: / wish / could use computer well.

We use ‘wish’ with ‘would’ to say how we would like somebody to behave in the future as well as in situations that do not involve people,

  1. g.: / wish you would stop finding faults with me.

/wish the environment in the company would be friendlier.

We use ‘wish’ with the Past Perfect when we have regards about the past.

  1. g.: / wish / hadn’t taken her advice (= but I did).

We can use ‘if only’ instead of ‘I wish’, but it is more dramatic.

  1. g.: If only / were not sacked.

If only / had known he was my boss, I would have never joked that way.

  1. l. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.
  1. These are miserable times for managers, everything is being cut — jobs, budget, investment plans. If only there (be) somewhere else to go.
  2. If only Europeans (be) sidelined, the new agenda would be led and defined by America, and Europe would have little say in how future threats would be faced.
  3. If the campaign to oust Saddam (mean) invading Iraq, months would be needed to prepare.
  4. I wish the Europeans (be not brought) in, otherwise they would slow everything down and the opportunity would pass.
  5. If Barcelona summit (fail) to give liberalization a boost, the outside world would have stopped listening to the high-sounding promises two years ago.
  6. I wish projected fiscal deficit (look) optimistic.
  7. If the GDP revision (hold), America would not have had a recession in the technical sense of two declining quarters of output.
  8. Everyone wishes the foreign-owned manufacturers (can) thrive despite all the annoyance of life.
  9. Unless spending in the 23 provinces (can) be brought under control, the IMF believes the renewing aid to Argentina will prove useless.
  1. 2. Imagine what would happen in the following situations.
  1. If the government of your country lowed interest rates ...
  2. I wish the rouble was the strongest currency. If it...
  3. If inflation was high...
  4. If only the sale of alcohol was banned in Russia ...
  5. If the Central Bank collapsed in the country ...
  1. 3. Complete the following sentences with the appropriate conditional clause.
  1. If a country is export-oriented,...
  2. If debts continued to grow in real terms through recession, it...
  3. I wish Russia had entered the WTO two years ago. Then ...
  4. If only America had enough own oil resources,...
  5. I wish consumer prices never rose. Then ...
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Источник: Е. Н. Малюга. Английский язык для экономистов: Учебник для вузов / Е. Н. Малюга, Н.              В. Ваванова, Г. Н. Куприянова, И. В. Пушнова. — СПб.: Питер,2005. — 304 с.: ил.. 2005

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