D* Vocabulary

  1. l. Learn the vocabulary and make up your own sentences, money supply — the amount of money in an economy at a particular time, and the speed with which it is used

subtle (adj) — very clever in noticing and understanding

near-money — something that can easily be turned into cash, for example some types of bank deposit

checking account — an account that allows the customer to use a checkbook and provides services such as bill payments

aggregate demand — the total demand for gods and services in an economy

issuance (n) — if an organization issues securities such as bonds and shares, it makes them available for people to buy

tight money — money that costs a lot to borrow because interest rates are high

deplete (v) — to lessen greatly in amount, contents, etc.

easy money — when there is easy money, banks and other organizations are willing to lend money, and interest rates are low avail (n) ~ getting what you want

velocity of money — the number of times a particular unit of money is spent over a period of time

opportunity cost — the real cost of doing something, including the cost of things that you cannot do because of the choice you have made

recipient (n) — someone who receives something Certificate of Deposit (CD) — a sum of money left with a bank for a particular period of time, and the document showing details of this be at odds — if two statements, descriptions, actions, etc. are at odds with each other, they are different although they should be the same

federal funds rate — the interest rate banks charge each other prime rate — the most favourable interest rate for borrowing by a bank’s best customers, those companies with the least risk that they will not repay the loan

D.2. Give English equivalents to the following words and expressions:

  1. находиться в противоречии, не соответствовать;
  2. тонкий, проницательный; умный;
  3. истощать, исчерпывать запасы/ресурсы, уменьшать;
  4. прайм-рейт; базисная ставка;
  5. «почти-деньги»;
  6. денежная масса;
  7. «дешевые деньги»;
  8. процентная ставка по «федеральным фондам»;
  9. текущий счет;
  10. получатель;
  11. депозитный сертификат;
  12. совокупный спрос;
  13. вмененные, скрытые издержки;
  14. пуск в обращение;
  15. скорость обращения денег;
  16. выгода, польза;
  17. «дорогие деньги».

D.3. Choose an appropriate word or expression from the box to complete the following sentences.

Translate the sentences into Russian.

federal funds rate              money supply aggregate

demand              tight money              velocity              of              money

at odds              near-monies              deplete

  1. People might respond to a ... policy by quickly converting ... in their mutual fund accounts or other liquid financial investments to money in their checking accounts.
  2. Bank reserves would then not fall as intended by the Fed, the interest rate would not rise, and ... might not change.
  3. Total expenditures may be regarded as the money supply multiplied by the ... — the number of times per year the average dollar is spent on goods and services.
  4. Statements by the Fed that it intends to increase the ... suggest a “tighter” monetary policy is coming.
  5. Such added spending is obviously ... with the Fed’s effort to restrict....
  6. If pursued vigorously, ... can ... commercial banking reserves to the point where banks are forced to reduce the volume of loans.
  7. The Open Market Committee of the Federal Reserve System can buy or sell securities on a daily basis and thus affect the ... and interest rates almost immediately.

D.4. Give synonyms for the italicized words in each sentence below, or briefly explain their meaning.

  1. When the interest rate — the opportunity cost of holding money as an asset — is lower, the public will hold larger money balances.
  2. Velocity might behave this way because of the asset demand for money.
  3. A reverse sequence of events may cause a tight money policy to induce an increase in velocity.
  4. Changes in government spending directly affect the allocation of resources, and changes in taxes can have extensive political ramifications.
  5. Monetary policy is based on the idea that expenditures on capital goods and interest-sensitive consumer goods are inversely related to interest rates.
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Источник: Е. Н. Малюга. Английский язык для экономистов: Учебник для вузов / Е. Н. Малюга, Н.              В. Ваванова, Г. Н. Куприянова, И. В. Пушнова. — СПб.: Питер,2005. — 304 с.: ил.. 2005

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